Ancient Mayan Calendar Converter

Ancient Mayan calendar conversion to Gregorian and Julian Calender

The Gregorian calendar is a minor correction to the Julian. In the Julian calendar every fourth year is a leap year in which February has 29, not 28 days, but in the Gregorian, years divisible by 100 are not leap years unless they are also divisible by 400.

Whatever the problems of Y2K, they won't include sloppy programming which assumes every year divisible by 4 is a leap year since 2000, unlike the previous and subsequent years divisible by 100, is a leap year. As in the Julian calendar, days are considered to begin at midnight.

Ancient Mayan Calendar Converter

Mayan Dates

In present times we are used to correlate the Mayan dates with the Christian ones using the Goodman-Martínez-Thompson correlation. Accordingly to it, a stable coefficient of 584,283 or 584,285 days is added to the Mayan dates expressing the counts of days which have passed from a particular day to the date of a certain event.

The Mayan date is converted into a Julian day number and the latter finally to the corresponding day, month and year of the Julian calendar used in modern astronomy. Astronomers, unlike historians, frequently need to do arithmetic with dates. For example: a double star goes into eclipse every 1583.6 days and its last mid-eclipse was measured to be on October 17, 2003 at 21:17 UTC.

Ancient Mayan Calendar Converter

The dates are concerning Mercury positions around the upper conjunction with the Sun. In a similar way as with the lower conjunction, the Mayan astronomers have set an approximate middle of the time Mercury was unobservable between both the maximal elongations and around the upper conjunction with the Sun.

Ancient Mayan Calendar Converter to Islamic Calendar

The Islamic calendar is purely lunar and consists of twelve alternating months of 30 and 29 days, with the final 29 day month extended to 30 days during leap years. Leap years follow a 30 year cycle and occur in years 1, 5, 7, 10, 13, 16, 18, 21, 24, 26, and 29.

Ancient Mayan Calendar Converter

Each cycle of 30 years thus contains 19 normal years of 354 days and 11 leap years of 355, so the average length of a year is therefore ((19 × 354) + (11 × 355)) / 30 = 354.365. days, with a mean length of month of 1/12 this figure, or 29.53055. days, which closely approximates the mean synodic month (time from new Moon to next new Moon) of 29.530588 days, with the calendar only slipping one day with respect to the Moon every 2525 years.


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